The Nginx package in the Debian stable repositories can be quite outdated. It is often several version behind the latest, whereas the Nginx package from the testing/unstable repositories is updated frequently with newer versions of Nginx. We can use apt-pinning to get the a newer version of Nginx (the one present in the testing/unstable repositories) and it’s dependencies (if required) will be met from the testing/unstable repositories as well.
Let us first add the testing/unstable repositories to the software sources list.
Add these lines at the end of the file :
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ testing main contrib non-free deb-src http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ testing main contrib non-free
unstable if you want to add the unstable repositories
instead of testing.
Now we need to pin the nginx package in testing/unstable to a higher priority so that it gets selected. Actually, in Debian, nginx is a meta-package that selects the nginx-full package. So, if you want to use nginx-light or nginx-extras, use them instead of just “nginx”.
Add these lines :
Package: nginx Pin: release a=testing Pin-Priority: 900
As explained before, you can use nginx-light or nginx-extra instead of nginx here. You can also use unstable instead of testing.
Now, run :
Check whether the newer version of nginx is selected for install by running :
apt-cache policy nginx
Finally, install/upgrade nginx by running :
apt-get install nginx
apt-get upgrade nginx
You’ll have a relatively newer version of Nginx installed after finishing this.